Self Talk

Much like goal-setting, many athletes have used self-talk during sport whether they have received any training for this skill or not. It’s a skill that athletes can learn to implement with relative ease, therefore understanding what exactly it is, the benefits of using it, and how to implement it most effectively are very important. Self-talk has been defined as: (a) an overt (out loud) or covert (in your head) statement that is directed at the self, (b) is multidimensional, (c) dynamic, (d) includes interpretive elements based on the content of the self-statements, and (e) serves at least two functions – instructional or motivational (1). A prominent researcher in the field has advocated that the following 6 dimensions of self-talk should be considered when designing a self-talk intervention or program (1).

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